CDC Reports Record Number of Measles Cases

October 30, 2014 in Our News & Bulletins by Sunlight Care

This year the United States is experiencing a record number of measles cases. As of August 25, there have been 592 confirmed measles cases reported in 21 states. This is the highest number of cases in the U.S. in the past 20 years. U.S. citizens traveling abroad can become infected before or during travel and spread the infection to unvaccinated or unprotected persons. It is important for healthcare providers and the public to recognize the signs and symptoms of measles. Detecting cases early and acting fast is essential.

 

Measles is a respiratory disease caused by a virus that is spread through the air by breathing, coughing or sneezing. Measles virus normally grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs. A typical case of measles begins with mild to moderate fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes, and sore throat. Two or three days after symptoms begin, tiny white spots (Koplik’s spots) may appear inside the mouth.

Three to five days after the start of symptoms, a red or reddish-brown rash appears. The rash usually begins on a person’s face at the hairline and spreads downward to the neck, trunk, arms, legs, and feet. When the rash appears, a person’s fever may spike to more than 104 degrees.

 

Healthcare providers are urged to consider measles in patients who present with these signs and symptoms especially if they recently traveled abroad or were exposed to someone who recently travelled abroad or if they have not been vaccinated against measles.

Measles 2014

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